Thursday, September 12, 2019

Oceanic Hydrate Off Gassing: Yet Another Tipping Point

There is such an over abundance of well documented effects of global warming in relation to ocean acidification, melting glaciers and ice sheets, melting permafrost and oceanic hydrate, etcetera that unless someone has been hiding ‘under a rock’ all of their lives, they know that ‘climate change’ is upon us and that greenhouse gas levels are not decreasing. The oceans have, thus far, been absorbing most of the heat and the CO2, hence ocean acidification.
However, warmer water can hold less dissolved gases and will someday be off gassing. This is but one of a variety of tipping points that will converge as a consequence of higher than normal CO2 levels.

global warming tipping points
Environmental Defense

Carbon Drawdown: Regenerative Agriculture

“Industrial agricultural techniques like deep tilling, mono-cropping and an overuse of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, have diminished our soil’s natural ability to sequester carbon from the atmosphere. This means that the C02 that would normally be drawn down into a healthy, carbon-pumped soil, is now staying in the atmosphere and contributing to the warming planet.
Switching to regenerative practices will restore soil health and function, reboot plant activity aka photosynthesis, and enable nature to re-balance our currently out-of-whack carbon levels. Regenerative agricultural techniques include: using cover crops and perennials to protect the soil, no tilling, no pesticides or synthetic fertilisers, multiple crop rotations and bringing grazing animals back on the land in ways that mimic natural cattle migration. Regenerative agriculture also offers many benefits beyond carbon storage! It increases the soils water holding capacity, stops soil erosion, protects the purity of groundwater and sets up the conditions for crops to become more disease and pest resilient. The benefits are many-fold.
This kind of farming system improves our health by increasing the nutritional value of our food, the health of our planet by regenerating our soils and increasing the ability for soil to sequester carbon from the atmosphere, and the livelihoods of the farmers by providing better yielding crops in the long term.”

walter jehne + regenerative agriculture

Re: Cattle and Methane
It is not the pastured cattle causing the problem. It’s those in feed lots being fed unnaturally. And there are other factors — watch three minutes of video starting at the 02:22 minute mark:
Regenerative Agriculture-
grass fed cattle regenerative agriculture methane

Approaches to the “Drawdown of Carbon Dioxide”

Universal Misconceptions About the Greenhouse Effect

Many global warming deniers and believers both have misconceptions about the Greenhouse Effect.

The popular term ‘greenhouse effect’ is merely an analogy used to help describe the blanketing effect that carbon dioxide has on infrared radiation (even the term ‘blanketing effect’ is an analogy’). To better understand the science of how carbon dioxide slows down the escape to space of infrared radiation, one needs to understand that CO2 absorbs and re-emits this long wave form of energy. Extra CO2 increases this dynamic.

‘Thermal radiation’ is the emission of energetic electromagnetic waves otherwise known as ‘infrared radiation’. 
This is sometimes confused with ‘thermal conduction’ (heat transfer within objects).
Note that, yes, objects do radiate heat, but it is in the form of long wave infrared radiation. However, when you touch a warm object, the heat that you feel is physically and directly thermally conducted; and your ‘now warmer hand’ will radiate an increase of infrared radiation into the atmosphere. Thus, you have absorbed and re-emitted heat just as carbon dioxide does. 
[Note: It is only the larger atmospheric gases that can absorb and re-emit infrared energy. Nitrogen and oxygen do not.]

Thermal Radiation:

Thermal Conduction:

Another difficulty for some is to comprehend how a trace gas such as CO2 could have such a powerful influence in the greenhouse effect.
Well, saying that CO2 is "only a trace gas" is like saying that arsenic is "only" a trace water contaminant. Small amounts of very active substances can cause large effects.
Also, consider the co-measurement of water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere such that if you could bring all the clouds and water vapor in the atmosphere to the surface, it would form a ‘liquid’ layer less than an inch deep, and clouds alone would create a layer no deeper than a coat of paint. And if just this past year’s carbon dioxide emissions alone could be confined to an undiluted layer of pure CO2 at the surface of the Earth, the layer would be about 1.5 inches thick. Now, multiply that times the number of years.....

Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor As Greenhouse Gases:

Supplemental Information: 
“Debunking Myths About CO2, Global Warming and Greenhouse Effect”
(26 minutes):

Advanced study of greenhouse effect
(62 short videos):

greenhouse effect quantum physics