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Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Climate Interface of Younger Dryas Event, Deforestational Agriculture and the Milankovitch Cycle

If you study the charts of Earth’s temperature records and the Milankovitch Cycles, you’ll see as the planet comes out of an ice age, the increase in global temperature is rapid, steady and peaks at the start of the interglacial period. The global temperatures then slightly start to ‘gently decline’ before finally taking a haphazard ‘rapid decline’ to the coldest part of the next ice age before again repeating the temperature increase of the next Milankovitch Cycle. That’s the norm. However, the level of our current interglacial’s peak was hampered by the Younger Dryas Event that occurred about 13,000 years ago. Four thousand years later following this, mankind began deforesting the planet, overgrazing livestock, practicing slash-and-burn farming, etcetera — all of which disrupted the carbon cycle by increasing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which prevented global temperatures from decreasing. As such, temperatures would’ve remained stable, too, if vast amounts of sequestered carbon had not been recently released thru the burning of fossil fuels. 

Search: carbon cycle climate change

Watch: “Where are we in the Milankovitch Cycles?”
[How Ice Ages Happen.] (4 minutes):
https://youtu.be/eB3DJtQZVsw
NOTE: This is the single best short video on understanding climate change I’ve ever seen. Indeed, once I’ve posted this, anything else that I post subsequently on the subject of climate change will seem incidental.

If you supplement it with the YouTube channel “Just Have A Think”, then you’ll be set:
https://youtu.be/62VXwjT-csQ

Saturday, October 12, 2019

What Is Infrared Radiation?

Visible, ultraviolet and infrared light (IR) are different frequencies (wave lengths) of electromagnetic radiation. We are able to see visible light with the ‘naked eye’, while birds can see both visible and ultraviolet light. Rattlesnakes can sense both visible and infrared light (heat). Humans, however, can only see infrared light with the aid of night vision goggles or infrared cameras. 

All 3 kinds of light exist as a wave function unless they encounter molecular structures of a sufficient size to cause the quantum wave function to phase into a photonic particle. It is this quality that allows their unimpeded transmission through outer space. With infrared radiation, large atmospheric molecules like carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, etcetera absorb this photonic energy — while nitrogen and oxygen are too small to be able to do so and let it pass by unimpeded.

Search: infrared radiation images

Thursday, October 10, 2019

Interglacial Temps Tempered by Younger Dryas Event

The ‘Younger Dryas’ event disrupted the warming effect of the Milankovitch Cycle. Temperatures would’ve been much warmer and sea levels higher during our current interglacial period otherwise. Milankovitch himself said we were sliding into the next ice age a hundred years ago — however, CO2 levels increased and the Greenhouse Effect held sway. Now, we see a dynamic increase in global temperatures that will not stop unless we reverse overall greenhouse gas levels.
Search: mann's hockey stick too short
Search: doable drawdown solutions

Sunday, October 6, 2019

What Kids Can Explain to Their Parents About Global Warming

What if global warming is a hoax and we create a better world for nothing?
What if global warming is not a hoax and we do nothing?


Carbon dioxide, water vapor and other large atmospheric molecules have a blanketing effect on heat being radiated away from the surface of the Earth as infrared radiation. Called the Greenhouse Effect, it is a Physical Law and has helped regulate global temperature for billions of years. Indeed, at one point early in Earth’s geologic history, carbon dioxide became so depleted that our planet became a giant ball of ice (Snowball Earth).

The next time that carbon dioxide was out-of-balance was when very prolonged volcanic basalt flows (Siberian Traps) caused so much to be pumped into the atmosphere that the oceans acidified and global temperatures soared (The Great Dying). Though lesser extinctions caused by an over abundance of CO2 have occurred, CO2 is normally benign.

When the carbon cycle is balanced, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere decreases and increases with the seasons and with the Milankovitch Cycle (planetary orientation to the sun). At these times, CO2 levels lag behind temperature levels. However, when volcanic “flood basalts” (LIPs) occur, increased CO2 levels amp up the Greenhouse Effect — global temperatures then begin lagging behind carbon dioxide levels. 

At this time in Earth’s history, the carbon cycle is being unduly influenced by the burning of carbon that has been stored underground for eons of time. The effect is the same as the basalt flows had when they released vast amounts of carbon dioxide.

“Just Have A Think” (11 minutes)
Pay close attention to the entire 2 minute introduction (October 2019):
https://youtu.be/AZPOsv71Htw

Fear and Hope: Climate Change and Policy Solutions-2013 (59 minutes)
Excellent 16 minute introduction:
https://youtu.be/y113TmfVU7w

Search: ‘samslair blogspot doable drawdown solutions’

Saturday, October 5, 2019

Parts of the ‘Lower 48’ States Now Beyond 2°C Limit

There are many parts of the USA that are above and beyond the 2 degrees Celsius that is the critical threshold for global warming. A host of global catastrophic changes will occur ‘when’ (no longer ‘if’) the global average exceeds that level. For those areas already above this level, local adaptations are beginning:
Map:
https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/national/climate-environment/climate-change-america/

Our global population’s ‘general failure’ to recognize that visible light and invisible infrared light are both electromagnetic carriers of energy (heat) & our ‘overall failure’ to comprehend that the greenhouse effect and increasing greenhouse gases are the cause of increasing global warming has resulted in our logically failing to mitigate the situation. Now surviving, not thriving, will dominate our activities.
Search:
lower 48 exceed 2 degrees celsius 

For mitigation, search:
‘doable drawdown solutions’

For adaptations, search:
‘climate change adaptations’

Global Warming Cartoons —

Only In America:
https://www.liveabout.com/thmb/VCVmMnCGl8FyIbX-K2EMoLQ1oq4=/768x0/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc()/groundhog-day-climate-change-56a755483df78cf77294b63c.jpg

What If Global Warming Is A Hoax?:
https://www.liveabout.com/thmb/lQz4WnHzK5QudT7K362ZaQsolVU=/768x0/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc()/What-If-Its-A-Hoax-56a74f4c5f9b58b7d0e8f300.jpg

How Human Nature Works:
https://s3.amazonaws.com/lowres.cartoonstock.com/death-human_nature-humanity-doomsayers-doom_sayers-prophets-wmi111130_low.jpg

Iconoclastic Doomsayer:
https://s3.amazonaws.com/lowres.cartoonstock.com/religion-iconoclasm-iconoclasts-doomsayers-doom_sayers-apocalypses-wmi101217_low.jpg

Earth Goddess Gaia
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CnxmtvSUIAA438g.jpg

Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Climate Change: Then and Now

The use of the term ‘climate change’ instead of ‘global warming’ is misleading. It implies that there’s something natural about the rapid uptick in average global temperatures. Read:
“Mann’s Hockey Stick Was Too Short” 
https://samslair.blogspot.com/search?q=Hockey+stick+&m=1

Indeed, even the term ‘global warming’ (instead of AGW) is ‘soft talk’; but, it’s acceptable, since it’s commonly understood that when you say ‘global warming’, ‘anthropogenic global warming’ is the reference. Read:
https://samslair.blogspot.com/search?q=anthropogenic+global+warming&max-results=20&by-date=true&m=1

The term ‘climate change’ came about as an attempt to encourage meaningful discussion on the subject of global warming without immediately inducing a universal conditioned fearful response that’d stymy meaningful discussion. So, we went from AGW, to global warming, and then to climate change in order to assuage the fears of those too easily upset by what is the ‘natural consequence’ of our actions. 
Read:
https://samslair.blogspot.com/search?q=fear+climate+change+denial+&m=1

A deterministic argument could be mounted, however, that because mankind was created by God, anything that man does is of the ‘natural order’. Therefore, the global warming phenomenon induced by fossil fuel emissions is ultimately God’s Will. After all, He created the vast deposits of coal and oil. 

This, however, violates the Spiritual Law of Free Will bestowed upon man by God. Indeed, the availability of fossil fuels is somewhat akin to the apple on the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.

In any case, however, we still must contend with God’s ‘physical law’ whereby carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, etcetera have a blanketing effect upon infrared radiation. Read:
https://samslair.blogspot.com/search?q=Heat+transfer+&m=1

Note: Metaphysics and quantum physics do have some overlap. So, if you can get on board with that, here’s a video worth watching:
“How quantum mechanics explains global warming” (5minutes):
https://youtu.be/-EJOO3xAjTk

Tuesday, October 1, 2019

Global Warming Denial Is Illogical

Global warming cannot be denied without first denying the fact that carbon dioxide has a blanketing effect on infrared radiation. Even if someone states that they believe in the greenhouse effect, but that they don’t believe that the trace amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could possibly have a significant effect upon the atmospheric temperature, one can only chuckle — because, it was the even smaller past amounts of atmospheric CO2 that has kept the planet from being perpetually frozen over.

Greenhouse Effect Defined:
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2019/09/visible-light-infrared-radiation-and.html?m=0

Monday, September 30, 2019

Reincarnation & Climate Change: Pause and Reflect

If reincarnation is real, then what impact might climate change have on your ‘future’? What venues will be available (or not) for succeeding incarnations? So, when you ask of yourself if you have a soul, a spirit, the answer takes on greater import in the ‘now’.

Reincarnation has been discussed for over a thousand years and experts, like the late Canadian Psychiatrist Dr Ian Stevenson, researched the subject and wrote books showing that there was much evidence to prove that reincarnation existed.

Search: Ian Stevenson Reincarnation

Ten Reincarnation Stories (15 min):
https://youtu.be/pq_AbsnAgH8

If the above interests you, then also search ‘Dr. Raymond Moody’ and his books. You have a lot to look forward to.

Sunday, September 29, 2019

When Localized Greenhouse Effect Works For You

One evening, while living in the Rio Grande Valley and helping my father cover his citrus trees to help protect them against a freeze predicted for later that night, I found myself hoping and praying for heavy overcast to replace the current clear skies. We’d never heard of the greenhouse effect at that time, but we knew that a blanket of clouds (water vapor) would slow down the escape of Earth’s heat.

My dad had already flooded the ground around the trees and prepped his smudge pots to be lit at the appropriate moment (for the blanketing effect of carbon laden air).

As the thermometer continued to slowly but surely drop, we nervously sat listening to the reports on the radio. Then, just as temperatures neared freezing, a bank of clouds moved in over the region and the rate of temperature decrease slowed and stopped at 30 degrees (F.). An hour later, the sun peeked over the horizon and very slowly the temperature began to rise. Damage to the fruit and trees was avoided.

My point is that even though some people may not believe in the greenhouse effect, they’re almost certainly not citrus growers.

Friday, September 27, 2019

Visible Light, Infrared Radiation and the Greenhouse Effect Defined

Visible light (short wave, higher frequency photonic energy) and infrared radiation (long wave, lower frequency photonic energy) are  part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Search:
‘electromagnetic spectrum quantum physics’

When visible light strikes the surface of the Earth, that which is not reflected back into space is absorbed and converted into heat and is conducted throughout the material that absorbed it. 
Search:
‘what is heat temperature’

Any air that comes into direct contact with it absorbs some of it via conduction and is then convected away. 
Search:
‘what is heat transfer’

The remainder of the heat from the material’s surface is steadily emitted away as long waved infrared radiation. 
Search:
‘Infrared radiation’

It passes freely through the small molecules of the atmospheric gases nitrogen, oxygen and argon. However, the larger atmospheric molecules such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, etcetera have a ‘quantum mechanics’ based affinity for absorbing and re-emitting infrared radiation — thus, slowing down its escape into space. It is this ‘blanketing effect’ on infrared radiation that makes life on Earth possible — for without it there could be no liquid water on the planet. But, of course, it’s possible to have “too much of a good thing”.

Understanding the Greenhouse Effect:
https://samslair.blogspot.com/search?q=Greenhouse+effect&m=1

https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/climatesciencenarratives/what-is-the-greenhouse-effect.html

https://science.nasa.gov/ems/13_radiationbudget

https://skepticalscience.com/Second-law-of-thermodynamics-greenhouse-theory.htm

Tuesday, September 24, 2019

Agroforestry in Amazon (and other tropical forests)

“For thousands of years tropical rainforests have been managed to sustain productive agriculture and, at times, to support dense human populations. Studies suggest that perhaps 12 percent of Amazonian terra firme (upland) forests are anthropogenic in nature, resulting from prolonged management by prehistoric populations. The fact that certain forms of agriculture are possible is a vital consideration for the sustainable, economic development of tropical rainforests.”
In short, the harmonious regenerative agricultural practices of indigenous farmers is desirable — whereas the monoculture industrialized agribiz requiring heavy use of artificial fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides and genetically modified crops is not.

Furthermore, the fact that the Amazon makes its own rain (self sustaining hydrological rain cycle) benefits all, including the agribiz operation. Clearing the land of the rainforest weakens that cycle. The Amazonians farming there before Columbus relies heavily on perennials more than annuals and did not clear cut vast expanses. The rain cycle was maintained. 

The Chinese, who will be including Brazil in their Belt and Road Initiative, in order to secure long term food sources, need to realize this and work with Brazilians so as to not ‘kill the goose that lays the golden eggs’.

https://rainforests.mongabay.com/1002.htm

Monday, September 23, 2019

Greenhouse Effect Is A Good Thing

Visible light is electromagnetic, short wave photonic energy. When it strikes the surface of the Earth, that which is not reflected away into space is absorbed and converted into heat (infrared energy). This heat is conducted throughout the material that absorbed it. Any air that comes into direct contact with it absorbs some of it via conduction and is then convected away. The remainder of the heat from the material’s surface is emitted away as infrared long waved radiation which passes freely through the small moleculed atmospheric gases of nitrogen, oxygen and argon. However, the larger atmospheric molecules such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, etcetera have a quantum mechanics based affinity for absorbing and re-emitting this infrared radiation — thus, slowing down its escape into space. It is this blanketing effect on infrared radiation that makes life on Earth possible — for without it there could be no liquid water on the planet.

Search:
‘samslair blogspot greenhouse effect

Understanding the Greenhouse Effect:



Sunday, September 22, 2019

Global Warming: Religion, Spirituality and Nature’s Laws

"More than ever, it is time for us to move from religiosity to spirituality, which means replacing the sole belief in God with the knowledge of divine laws – that is, universal, natural, and spiritual laws. The well-being we seek, including on a material plane, is to be found in this knowledge and in the wisdom that ensues. An ancient Rosicrucian adage says, “It is from ignorance and ignorance alone that humans must free themselves.” Ignorance is at the origin of the worst things a person can do to oneself, to others, and to one’s environment. It is also the source of different superstitions that demean humanity and prevent it from finding complete fulfillment. Therefore give a spiritual direction to your life. Do not just be a living thing, be a living soul." 

In my mind, this includes denying basic physical laws such as those that describe the blanketing of infrared radiation by carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Also included is understanding cycles such as the carbon cycle, hydrological cycle, Milankovitch cycle, etcetera which are important in understanding of natural climate cycles.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/ccrc/climate-basics/climate-primer/natural-climate-cycles

Saturday, September 21, 2019

Evil and Ignorance...

...often achieve the same results.

Those who knowingly speak untruths are called liars, and all liars are thieves — whether to steal your trust or what’s yours. Meanwhile, those who unknowingly speak untruths are either ignorant, self-delusional or assuaging their fears. 
We should note that the further one strays from the truth, the more unreal is their personal reality and the more libelous their nature becomes. They become more and more of a liability to themselves and to others. An example of such is demonstrated by the inability or unwillingness of some to comprehend the blanketing effect that carbon dioxide has upon infrared radiation. 
Search:
‘samslair blogspot greenhouse effect’ 

‘samslair blogspot drawdown solutions’

Real World Observations of Water Vapor as a Greenhouse Gas

Have you ever noticed that deserts are often colder at night than forests, even if their average daytime temperatures are the same? Without much water vapor in the atmosphere over deserts, the infrared radiation they give off escapes readily into space. However, in more humid regions, radiation escaping from the surface is slowed down considerably by water vapor in the air. Similarly, cloudy nights tend to be warmer than clear nights because more water vapor is present so much so that citrus growers know that when a ‘severe frost warning’ is given, an influx of heavy cloud cover will save their crop. [I know, because lived surrounded by miles of citrus orchards in the Rio Grande Valley for thirty years.]

Citrus Farmers Understand Greenhouse Effect:
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2019/09/citrus-farmers-understand-greenhouse.html?m=1

Global Warming: Comeasurement of Water Vapor and Carbon Dioxide:
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2019/08/global-warming-comeasurement-of-water.html?m=1

Friday, September 20, 2019

Global Warming: The Physics of the Greenhouse Effect (and more)

For adults wanting to understand what the greenhouse effect is all about, begin by watching the educational series of short video clips that begins with:
https://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/phy03.sci.phys.matter.greenhouse2/global-warming-the-physics-of-the-greenhouse-effect/#.XYQmICVOnDs

To summarize, short wave, radiant, visible light travels unimpeded thru the atmosphere striking and heating the Earth’s surface which then radiates heat back into the atmosphere as long waved infrared radiation where large atmospheric molecules like water vapor, carbon dioxide and methane slow down the escape of infrared radiation back into space. We had been living in the Goldilocks Zone of ‘not too much’ and ‘not too little’ of CO2. Not so, anymore.

Also, search:
samslair blogspot greenhouse effect

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Tropical Rainforests Are the Most Imperiled Forests and ...

“....each day at least 80,000 acres of forest disappear from Earth. At least another 80,000 acres of forest are degraded. Along with them, the planet loses untold numbers of species to extinction, the vast majority of which have never been documented by science. As these forests fall, more carbon is added to the atmosphere, climatic conditions are further altered, and more topsoil is lost to erosion...”

Behind Forest Loss:
https://amp.mongabay.com/rainforests/0801.htm

Search:
samslair blogspot amazonia

Monday, September 16, 2019

Global Warming: We’ve Been Warned for Past 50+ Years

Until now, every USA president since 1965 has warned about global warming. Even oil companies did so until the early 90s. Here are some  videos documenting that we’ve known about global warming since the 1950s:

1984 Documentary “The Greenhouse Effect and Planet Earth” (31 minutes):
https://www.cbc.ca/archives/entry/the-greenhouse-effect-and-planet-earth

Shell Oil's Stark Climate Change Warning from 1991 (28 minutes):
https://youtu.be/vTlYYlRN0LY

Climate Science 1956: A Blast from the Past (10 minutes):
https://youtu.be/sdALFnlwV_o

1980: Walter Cronkite on Climate Change (2 minutes):
https://youtu.be/MU9s0XyEctI

Climate Change 1958 (2 minutes)
https://youtu.be/m-AXBbuDxRY

If you enjoyed the above, then consider a look at Earth’s Climate History —
“Richard Alley: "The Biggest Control Knob: Carbon Dioxide in Earth's Climate History" (56 minutes):
https://youtu.be/RffPSrRpq_g

Sunday, September 15, 2019

Citrus Farmers Understand Greenhouse Effect

Citrus growers have, perhaps, understood the reality of greenhouse effect better than anyone else for a long time. When freezing conditions threaten their trees, they all pray for skies overcast with heavy clouds. Why? Because water vapor is a greenhouse gas many more times potent than carbon dioxide. This didn’t stop them from breaking out the smudge pots and burning diesel to enhance the ‘infrared blanketing effect’ over their orchards. 


Saturday, September 14, 2019

Global Warming: Time, Faith, Hope and Charity

The reluctance and inability to understand and accept that carbon dioxide and other large molecular gases like water vapor and nitrous oxide have a ‘blanketing effect’ upon infrared radiation’s heat transfer is due to inadequate physical science education and fear engendered neuroses.
The only known antidotes are time and faith, hope and charity. Time for truthful information to be accurately disseminated and time for it to be assimilated. Faith that enough people will see the truth. Hope that they will assimilate it in time to help make a difference, and the charity to give them the time they need to grow past the fears that obscured the truth.

[Meanwhile, here are dozens of 
“Doable Drawdown Solutions” that will improve our quality of life:
https://www.drawdown.org/solutions]
Humor:
https://www.liveabout.com/thmb/4vc6we6yx1cwMgLEYRUos2ZhJqo=/500x334/filters:fill(auto,1)/What-If-Its-A-Hoax-56a74f4c5f9b58b7d0e8f300.jpg

Thursday, September 12, 2019

Oceanic Hydrate Off Gassing: Yet Another Tipping Point

There is such an over abundance of well documented effects of global warming in relation to ocean acidification, melting glaciers and ice sheets, melting permafrost and oceanic hydrate, etcetera that unless someone has been hiding ‘under a rock’ all of their lives, they know that ‘climate change’ is upon us and that greenhouse gas levels are not decreasing. The oceans have, thus far, been absorbing most of the heat and the CO2, hence ocean acidification.
https://www.ucsusa.org/global-warming/global-warming-impacts/co2-ocean-acidification
However, warmer water can hold less dissolved gases and will someday be off gassing. This is but one of a variety of tipping points that will converge as a consequence of higher than normal CO2 levels.

Search:
global warming tipping points
Wikipedia:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tipping_points_in_the_climate_system#Tipping_points_for_global_temperature
Environmental Defense
http://blogs.edf.org/climate411/2017/11/01/everything-you-need-to-know-about-climate-tipping-points/