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Sunday, November 18, 2018

Earth’s Atmosphere, Electromagnetic Radiation and the Greenhouse Effect

Why increased carbon dioxide causes global warming induced climate change:

“If we compare the Earth and its atmosphere to an apple and its skin, the skin of the apple is about 20 times thicker relative to the size of the apple than the atmosphere is to the size of the Earth.”
https://www.decodedscience.org/the-thin-skin-of-our-atmosphere/27278

“The Earth’s atmosphere is composed of the following molecules: nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%), argon (1%), and then trace amounts of carbon dioxide, neon, helium, methane, krypton, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, xenon, ozone, iodine, carbon monoxide, and ammonia. Lower altitudes also have quantities of water vapor.”
https://www.universetoday.com/26656/composition-of-the-earths-atmosphere/

“All gases whose molecules have three or more atoms are greenhouse gases—carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor (H2O), and methane (CH4) are important greenhouse gases that have maintained Earth’s warm temperature for billions of years.”
https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/climatesciencenarratives/what-is-the-greenhouse-effect.html

“Electromagnetic radiation is a stream of photons, which are 'massless' particles each traveling in a wave-like pattern and moving at the speed of light. Each photon contains a certain amount of energy, and all electromagnetic radiation consists of these photons. The only difference between the various types of electromagnetic radiation is the amount of energy found in the photons. Radio waves have photons with low energies, microwaves have a little more energy than radio waves, infrared has still more, then visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, and ... the most energetic of all ... gamma-rays. Electromagnetic radiation from space is unable to reach the surface of the Earth except at a very few wavelengths, such as the visible spectrum, radio frequencies, and some ultraviolet wavelengths.”
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2018/11/electromagnetic-science-and-greenhouse.html?m=1

“Visible light of the ‘electromagnetic spectrum’ passes through the atmosphere. It strikes and warms the surface of Earth as the result of being converted to infrared radiation (IR). Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases absorb and reradiate this heat. It is this heat index that is increased as the volume of greenhouse gases increases in the atmosphere.”
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2018/10/understanding-greenhouse-effect.html?m=1

Friday, November 16, 2018

The Greenhouse Effect Is Really More Of A Blanketing Effect

In the end, our future will have been largely determined by mankind’s ability to fully comprehend the science that says higher energy visible light transfers some of its energy to whatever it strikes and that converts to heat and is radiated outward into the atmosphere where the larger molecules such as water, CO2, methane and nitrous oxide absorb and reradiate it, thus creating a blanket effect we erroneously call the greenhouse effect. 

https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/climatesciencenarratives/a-greenhouse-effect-analogy.html

http://climatechange.lta.org/get-started/learn/co2-methane-greenhouse-effect/

Do Polar Vortices Mean An End To The Notion Of Global Warming?

As we experience cold winter weather, the angst about global warming slightly eases. Never mind the fact that winter storms in Alaska are 20+ degrees Fahrenheit above average. After all, when those temperature readings are 30 below zero, who can feel the difference?

Global Warming: About Polar Vortices
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2018/10/global-warming-about-polar-vortex.html?m=1

Does Polar Vortex Mean 'So Much for Global Warming’?
https://www.livescience.com/43033-polar-vortex-means-record-warm-alaska.html

Climate Change In Alaska
http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2015/03/climate_change_is_already_affecting_alaska_s_weather.html

Nerdy attempt at humor:
https://xkcd.com/1321/

Too cold to snow?:
https://www.iflscience.com/environment/does-global-warming-mean-more-or-less-snow/

Milankovitch Cycles and the Greenhouse Effect

No one can rationally say that the world’s average temperatures have NOT demonstrably begun to increase. Some believe this warming is caused by the Milankovitch cycle — however, the scientist, Milankovitch, had predicted global cooling. His peers pointed out that this is what might have occurred under normal conditions, but that increasing CO2 levels would overwhelmingly counteract such gradual cooling changes. And, indeed, if it weren’t for the Milankovitch cycle dampening the rate of temperature increase, we would be experiencing a much more dramatic warming.

So, instead of employing denial as a psychological defense mechanism against the terror called global warming, we all need to both intelligently adapt to our changing world AND to address the source of the problem (our unsequestration of carbon to fuel our machinery).

Note: If we don’t change our direction, we’ll wind up exactly where we’re headed. 

Milankovitch Cycle: 
https://www.universetoday.com/39012/milankovitch-cycle/

Global cooling vs warming:
https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GISSTemperature/giss_temperature2.php

Milankovitch and Physical Science
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2001/jun/28/physicalsciences.highereducation

Mann’s hockey stick was too short:
https://samslair.blogspot.com/2018/11/michael-manns-hockey-stick-was-too-short.html?m=1

Thursday, November 15, 2018

God’s Creation Is All•ways Ongoing

“The Ascended Masters desire you to know that if the Creator were not actively engaged in the process of creation from moment to moment, Creation would not be sustained. This ongoing action of creation is sustained by the internal Fires of the Love of God’s Heart for all of Creation. Understanding this, you begin to glimpse the infinite possibilities open to you to direct some of that creative energy to produce the miracle of Perfection and transformation in your life. Love and Compassion is the engine that drives this entire universe on. Through the alliance of your Heart with the Heart of God, you may stimulate that Heart to begin to create in wonderful ways that can affect you. Your role is to give the call and to authorize the Presence to be the doer, to engage the action that is taking place at the level of the Presence. The Will of God is supreme and desires to bestow the very best upon every single part of life. The Golden Plume is the Mind of God that, at this very moment, is conceiving, holding, and nurturing patterns of Perfection. The formula of Attainment outlined by the Ascended Masters for us is to invoke the Light of that Presence, to complete the Law of Octaves, and to let all within the world of the Presence saturate and permeate our universe. Disengage your thoughts from the harshness of the outer world and put your Heart in the hand of your own God Presence.”

“The Ongoing Action of Creation"
(1 hour discourse)
https://youtu.be/TC5na-kH76s

God’s Creation Is Ongoing Always
http://samslair.blogspot.com/2018/03/gods-creation-is-ongoing-always.html?m=1

Comment: We could have another Great Extinction on Earth. Though God promised not to destroy us with another flood, He didn’t say that He would prevent us from destroying ourselves by fire — be it nuclear and or anthropogenic global warming. In any event, the Planet will be fine with us or without us; but, plant and animal life (includes us ‘naked apes’) will not. Even in the worst case scenario, life will start over and evolution rebuild new improved species. Eventually, higher sentient life will take over, and even if they try to repeat our mistakes, at least they won’t have the huge amount of fossil fuels to plunder and screw themselves over with. Perhaps, then, a more humane form of life can dominate when our reincarnated spirits remember (at some level) “what not to do”.

Electromagnetic Science and the Greenhouse Effect

Electromagnetic radiation is a stream of photons, which are 'massless' particles each traveling in a wave-like pattern and moving at the speed of light. Each photon contains a certain amount of energy, and all electromagnetic radiation consists of these photons. The only difference between the various types of electromagnetic radiation is the amount of energy found in the photons. Radio waves have photons with low energies, microwaves have a little more energy than radio waves, infrared has still more, then visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, and ... the most energetic of all ... gamma-rays.

Actually, the electromagnetic spectrum can be expressed in terms of energy, wavelength, or frequency. Each way of thinking about the EM spectrum is related to the others in a precise mathematical way. So why do we have three ways of describing things, each with a different set of physical units? After all, frequency is measured in cycles per second (which is called a Hertz), wavelength is measured in meters, and energy is measured in electron volts.

Note:
Electromagnetic radiation from space is unable to reach the surface of the Earth except at a very few wavelengths, such as the visible spectrum, radio frequencies, and some ultraviolet wavelengths. Hence, the reason I’ve included this posting in my series on the greenhouse effect and global warming induced climate change.

Read:
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l1/emspectrum.html
More about the Electromagnetic Spectrum:
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l2/emspectrum.html

Now read:
The Multiwavelength Universe
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l1/multiwavelength.html

Imagine the Universe Science:
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/science.html 

Fear, The Mind Killer

Global warming is terrifying, and given the general level of mankind’s greed and stupidity in the past, present and foreseeable future, it’s probably undiminishable. Indeed, even if all humans completely stopped burning fossil fuels, the warming trend would continue irregardless because of the volume of greenhouse gases already in the biosphere. The best we can do is to slow down the rate that warming occurs.

Note: The most common human defense mechanism when you can’t run away and hide from something that is fearful is to deny, deny, deny ‘til the bitter end’ (as though living the lie can somehow save you). This, however, will not break our ‘dependence’ [No, wait... our addiction] upon fossil fuels and the fertilizer production that fosters extended nitrous oxide release.
https://samslair.blogspot.com/search?q=Fear&max-results=20&by-date=false&m=1

Greenhouse Gases:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas

Nitrous oxide:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrous_oxide

http://theconversation.com/meet-n2o-the-greenhouse-gas-300-times-worse-than-co2-35204

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/fertilizer-produces-far-more-greenhouse-gas-expected

https://news.berkeley.edu/2012/04/02/fertilizer-use-responsible-for-increase-in-nitrous-oxide-in-atmosphere/

How long greenhouse gases remain after being released:
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/jan/16/greenhouse-gases-remain-air